AskDefine | Define component

Dictionary Definition



1 an abstract part of something; "jealousy was a component of his character"; "two constituents of a musical composition are melody and harmony"; "the grammatical elements of a sentence"; "a key factor in her success"; "humor: an effective ingredient of a speech" [syn: constituent, element, factor, ingredient]
2 something determined in relation to something that includes it; "he wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself"; "I read a portion of the manuscript"; "the smaller component is hard to reach" [syn: part, portion, component part]
3 an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system; "spare components for cars"; "a component or constituent element of a system" [syn: constituent, element]

User Contributed Dictionary



  • (US)
    • /kʌmˈpoʊnənt/
    • /kVm"poUn@nt/


From componentem, present participle of componere.


  1. Making up a larger whole; as a component word.
  2. Made up of smaller complete units in combination; as a component stereo.


  1. A smaller, self-contained part of a larger entity. Often refers to a manufactured object that is part of a larger device.


smaller, self-contained part of larger entity

Extensive Definition

Component may refer to:

Mathematical terms

component in Danish: Komponent
component in German: Komponente
component in French: Composant
component in Korean: 구성요소
component in Ido: Kompozo
component in Hungarian: Komponens
component in Japanese: コンポーネント
component in Norwegian: Komponent
component in Russian: Компонента
component in Simple English: Component
component in Slovak: Komponent
component in Finnish: Komponentti
component in Swedish: Komponent

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

actuator, adjunct, air, amplifier, anode, appurtenance, aspect, atom, atomic particles, base, brute matter, building block, capacitator, cathode, chemical element, circumstance, clock, constituent, contents, contingent, control relay, control resistor, converter, cross section, detachment, detail, division, dole, earth, effector, electrode, element, elementary, elementary particle, elementary unit, factor, feature, feedback amplifier, filament, fire, fixings, formative, fraction, fundamental particle, generator, grid, hyle, hypostasis, inductor, ingredient, installment, integral, integrant, item, magnetic relay, makings, material, material world, materiality, matter, meter relay, modulator, molecule, monad, natural world, nature, oscillator, parcel, part, part and parcel, particular, percentage, photocathode, physical world, plate, plenum, portion, pressure transducer, quadrant, quarter, quota, random sample, reactor, regenerator, relay, reluctance amplifier, remainder, resistor, sample, sampling, section, sector, segment, servo amplifier, share, specialty, stuff, subdivision, subgroup, subspecies, substance, substratum, the four elements, thermal timing relay, transducer, transmitter, trigatron, unit of being, water
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